Cities are at the centre of the transition from coal to clean energy, accounting for approximately two-thirds of global primary energy use. They are already leading the way by actively phasing out coal, shifting demand to clean energy and accelerating renewable energy generation. C40 mayors have committed to the goals of the Paris Agreement through their 1.5 °C -compliant Climate Action Plans.
Of the current global coal fleet, which includes both existing and planned coal-fired power plants, 68% is located within 500km of at least one C40 city, representing a significant source of urban air pollution.
Cities know that coal-fired power plants are major polluters but, for the first time, this research quantifies the impact of this pollution on the health of urban populations and the economic consequences of this. It also analyses the employment and cost impacts of coal compared with clean energy.