Welcome to the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA).

We are an independent research organisation focused on revealing the trends, causes, and health impacts, as well as the solutions to air pollution.

Health-harming pollutants from burning fossil fuels are responsible for at least 3 million air pollution deaths per year. However, rapid advances in modern, clean energy technologies are a key opportunity to improve air quality and protect public health.

We use scientific data, research and evidence to support the efforts of governments, companies and campaigning organizations worldwide in their efforts to move towards clean energy and clean air. We believe that effective research and communication are the key to successful policies, investment decisions and advocacy efforts.

Financing Putin’s war on Europe: Fossil fuel imports from Russia during the invasion of Ukraine

Recent publications

Tracing the Hazy Air 2024: Progress Report on National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)

Emission Watch: Tracking the implementation of emission standard notification for coal-based power plants in India

China’s Climate Transition: Outlook 2023

Shedding light on “shadow” tankers

China’s steel sector invests USD 100 billion in coal-based steel plants, despite low profitability, overcapacity and carbon commitments

Health benefits of Just Energy Transition and coal phase-out in Indonesia

    CREA is looking to expand its team, if you are passionate about fighting climate change through data, tracking pollution and supporting organisations to enable the energy transition please consider applying for one of the following jobs.

    Latest news

    Weekly snapshot ‑ Russian fossil fuels 13 to 19 May 2024

    The week of 13 to 19 May 2024, Russia exported an estimated EUR 4.95 bn worth of fossil fuels: EUR 2.11 bn oil, EUR 1.7

    April 2024 — Monthly analysis of Russian fossil fuel exports and sanctions

    Russia’s export revenues from crude oil rise, as drone strikes effects on refining capacity lead to reduced exports of refined products By Vaibhav Raghunandan, Europe-Russia

    China’s manufacturing pushed emissions sky high. What’s next?

    The manufacturing drive risks counteracting the emissions gains of China’s clean-energy drive China is responsible for 30% of global greenhouse gas emissions and for 90% of the

    Latest publications

    Threat of toxic substances: Increased particulate matter and health hazards from ammonia co-firing

    The ammonia-blended power generation method of coal-fired power plants, which is being promoted by the Japanese and South Korean governments, is being used as a

    A Kremlin pit stop: EU imports EUR 3 bn of oil products from Turkish ports handling Russian oil

    A new report from CREA and the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD) has revealed that since the EU/G7 petroleum products ban took effect

    Leveraging interdependence: An LNG price cap would have cut Russia’s LNG export revenues by 60% in 2023

    Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine and the ensuing energy crisis almost immediately underscored the European Union’s energy security vulnerabilities. The EU’s heavy reliance on fossil

    🇨🇳 NEW | China's winter air pollution analysis is now available in 🇬🇧EN & 🇨🇳CN!

    📄 The CN version, published by Chinese media outlet, 'The Intellectual', includes more detailed analysis on the cause of China's PM2.5 rebound ⤵️

    💡 During the same pandemic 2020 to 2023 period, manufacturing exports & large infrastructure investments became main drivers of economic growth & exacerbated air pollution emissions

    ⚠️ Reducing pollutants & carbon dioxide emissions remains a significant challenge for China

    🇨🇳 China's winter air pollution analysis is now available in both EN & CN ⤵️

    🇬🇧https://energyandcleanair.org/half-of-targeted-cities-missed-pm2-5-targets-in-chinas-reintroduced-winter-action-plan/

    🇨🇳https://energyandcleanair.org/zh/half-of-targeted-cities-missed-pm2-5-targets-in-chinas-reintroduced-winter-action-plan/

    🇷🇺 NEW | Monthly analysis on #Russian #FossilFuel exports & sanctions

    📈 Seaborne crude oil export revenues up 7% due to rise in prices
    ⚠️19% month-on-month drop in export volumes of oil products after UA drone strikes
    ⚠️LNG exports up 8%, partly due to exports to Asia, i.e. CN

    @CSDBuildBridges ⚠️ Setting a lower oil price cap of USD 30 per barrel starting in December 2022 would have slashed Russian revenues by EUR 51 bn (24%)

    ⚠️ In April 2024 alone, a lower price cap would have slashed Russian revenues by EUR 3.05 bn (22%)

    @CSDBuildBridges 🇷🇺 CREA’s monthly analysis on fossil fuel exports from Russia is now available here in English and will soon be available in 🇺🇦 Ukrainian ⤵️
    https://energyandcleanair.org/april-2024-monthly-analysis-of-russian-fossil-fuel-exports-and-sanctions

    🇨🇳 NEW | China energy & air pollution monthly snapshot out now in EN & CN👇

    ☀️ In April 2024, large-scale power generation up only 3%, while power consumption increased 7%, indicating most demand growth covered by increased distributed solar

    🏅 In April 2024, worst PM2.5 was in northeastern China with capital of Jilin province, Changchun, in 1st place, followed by Harbin, Shenyang & Shijiazhuang

    Worst ozone was in provincial capital of Shandong, near Beijing

    Taiyuan, capital of Shanxi province ranked worst for NO2

    🇨🇳 CREA's May 2024 monthly snapshot of China's energy & air pollution trends is now available in EN & CN

    Find full snapshot & subscribe here ⤵️

    https://energyandcleanair.org/china-energy-and-emissions-trends-may-2024-snapshot/

    🇷🇺 Russian fossil fuel exports continue to enable war against Ukraine

    Weekly snapshot for 6 to 12 May 2024👇

    ⚠️ #Russia exported an estimated EUR 5.73 bn of #FossilFuels

    🩸 EUR 2.9 bn oil
    🩸 EUR 1.52 bn oil products & chemicals
    🩸 EUR 0.6 bn gas
    🩸 EUR 0.71 bn coal

    🇷🇺 CREA's weekly snapshot of Russian fossil fuel exports for 6 to 12 May 2024 is now available here in English & 🇺🇦 Ukrainian ⤵️
    https://energyandcleanair.org/weekly-snapshot-russian-fossil-fuels-6-to-12-may-2024

    💡 CREA's weekly snapshot of Russian fossil fuel flows uses a methodology building on @Kpler's data

    Read more here ⤵️
    https://energyandcleanair.org/financing-putins-war/methodology/

    🇪🇺 NEW REPORT: EU imports oil products from Turkish ports importing from Russia

    From Feb 2023—Feb 2024, EU imported EUR 2.9 bn of oil products from 3 Turkish ports with no refineries — Ceyhan, Marmara Ereğlisi & Mersin — 86% of ports' oil products from Russia

    w/@CSDBuildBridges

    @CSDBuildBridges 🏛️ EU must:

    🛑 Strengthen sanctions, defining that EU Member States cannot import re-exported Russian oil products

    🛑 Include certification of origin for oil products imported from ports importing Russian oil products

    🛑 Along with G7, use chemical tests on Turkish imports

    @CSDBuildBridges 🇪🇺 NEW REPORT: EU imports oil products from Turkish ports importing from Russia

    w/@CSDBuildBridges

    Now available here ⤵️

    https://energyandcleanair.org/publication/kremlin-pit-stop-eu-imports-eur-3-bn-of-oil-products-from-turkish-ports-handling-russian-oil

    🇷🇺 #Russian #FossilFuel exports continue to enable their war against Ukraine. Weekly snapshot for 29 April to 5 May 2024👇

    Russia exported an estimated EUR 5.97 bn of fossil fuels
    🩸 EUR 3.02 bn oil
    🩸 EUR 1.72 bn oil products & chemicals
    🩸 EUR 0.67 bn gas
    🩸 EUR 0.54 bn coal

    🇷🇺 CREA's weekly snapshot of Russian fossil fuel exports for 29 April to 5 May 2024 is now available here [in English & 🇺🇦 Ukrainian]: https://energyandcleanair.org/weekly-snapshot-russian-fossil-fuels-29-april-to-5-may-2024/

    CREA's weekly snapshot of Russian fossil fuel flows uses a methodology building on Kpler's data.

    Read more here: https://energyandcleanair.org/financing-putins-war/methodology/

    NEW | India monthly ambient air quality snapshot out now!

    💡 See highlights below & subscribe on CREA's dedicated webpage to receive the complete snapshot👇

    ⚠️ Air pollution persists despite improvement in air quality in April

    @WHO Out of 22 million plus cities across Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) states/UTs: Punjab, Chandigarh, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand & West-Bengal, only 19 had operational CAAQMS for more than 80% of days in April 2024; others don’t have CAAQMS installed

    @WHO 🇮🇳 India's April 2024 monthly ambient air quality snapshot is now available here ⤵️
    https://energyandcleanair.org/india-monthly-ambient-air-quality-snapshot-april-2024/

    The week of 22 to 28 April 2024, the top five importers of Russian fossil fuels were:
    🇨🇳 China
    🇮🇳 India
    🇹🇷 Turkey
    🇪🇺 The EU
    🇸🇬 Singapore Republic

    CREA's weekly snapshot of Russian fossil fuel exports for 22 to 28 April 2024 is now available here [in English & 🇺🇦 Ukrainian]: https://energyandcleanair.org/weekly-snapshot-russian-fossil-fuels-22-to-28-april-2024

    CREA's weekly snapshot of Russian fossil fuel flows uses a methodology building on Kpler's data.

    Read more here: https://energyandcleanair.org/financing-putins-war/methodology/

    🇷🇺 #Russian #FossilFuel exports continue to enable their war against Ukraine. Weekly snapshot for 22 to 28 April 2024👇

    Russia exported an estimated EUR 5.86 bn worth of fossil fuels
    🛢️ EUR 3 bn oil
    ⛽ EUR 1.44 bn oil products & chemicals
    🚨 EUR 0.84 bn gas
    ⚠️ EUR 0.58 bn coal

    🚢 In the week of 22 to 28 April 2024, EUR 1.97 bn of Russian fossil fuels was loaded on European / G7 owned or insured tankers, helping finance Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

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